COLOMBIA GENERAL INFORMATION
Colombia is a country located in the northwest side of South America. It borders to the northwest by Panama; to the east by Venezuela and Brazil; to the south by Ecuador and Peru. It also shares maritime limits with Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Jamaica, Dominican Republic and Haiti.
The territory of what is now Colombia was originally inhabited by indigenous cultures like the Muisca, Quimbaya and Tairona. The Spanish arrived in 1499 and initiated a period of colonization creating the Viceroyalty of New Granada, with its capital Bogotá. The Independence from Spain was fought and won in 1819, but by 1830 “The Grand Colombia Project” collapsed with the secession of Venezuela and Ecuador.
Colombia is considered one of the world’s 17 megadiverse countries, and of these, the most biodiverse per square kilometer. This beautiful country has about 2,000 species of marine fish and is the second most diverse country in freshwater fish. Colombia is the country with more endemic species of butterflies. It is the number 1 in terms of orchid species and approximately 7,000 species of beetles. Colombia is second in the number of amphibian species and is the third most diverse country in reptiles and palms.
Are you planning on traveling through Colombia? Let us help you! On this page you can find the Colombia information that you need. If you have any more questions, you may always contact us. Let us help you to organize your Colombia Adventure. You will experience great things in this beautiful country.
HOLIDAYS IN COLOMBIA
New Years Day, 1st of January
Epiphany, 6th of January
Monday of Carnival, (valid only for the city of Barranquilla)
Tuesday of Carnival, (valid only for the city of Barranquilla)
Saint Joseph’s Day, 19th of March
Maundy Thursday, movable
Good Friday, movable
Labor Day, 1st of May
Ascension of Jesus, 39 days after Easter Sunday
Corpus Christi, 60 days after Easter Sunday
Sacred Heart, 68 days after Easter Sunday
Saint Peter and Saint Paul, 29th of June
Declaration of Independence, 20th of July
Battle of Boyaca, 7th of August
Assumption of Mary, 15th of August
Columbus Day, 12th of October
All Saints Day, 1st of November
Independence of Cartagena, 11th of November
Immaculate Conception, 8th of December
Christmas Day, 25th of December
The main language in Colombia is Spanish, but there are areas where they still speak some ancient languages, there are over 850,000 speakers of native languages. In the main tourists areas they also speak English.
In Colombia the currency is the Colombian peso (COP) 1.00 USD is around = 3,030 COP
PASSPORT & VISA COLOMBIA
You need a passport with a validation of 6 months upon return in Europe. You can stay without a visa 90 days per 12 months in Colombia.
Since the 1st of April 2017 the yellow fever vaccine is required for every guest to enter the Tayrona National Park. The World Health Organization announced that as of 11 July 2016, existing and new Yellow Fever vaccination certificates are valid for life. Countries can no longer require travellers to show proof of re-vaccination or a booster dose as a condition of entry. Travellers should note that this new regulation may not be honoured by all border authorities during the transition phase.
Check in: In general from 3 PM
Check out: In general before 12 AM
Colombia’s varied cuisine is influenced by its diverse fauna and flora, as well as the cultural traditions of the ethnic groups. Colombian dishes and ingredients vary widely by region. Some of the most common ingredients are: cereals such as rice and maize; tubers such as potato and cassava; assorted legumes; meats, including beef, chicken, pork and goat; fish; and seafood. The Colombian cuisine also features a variety of tropical fruits such as cape gooseberry, feijoa, araza, dragon fruit, mangostino, granadilla, papaya, guayaba, mora (blackberry), lulo, soursop and passionfruit.
Colombians describe their country in terms of the climatic zones. Below 1,000 meters (3,281 ft) in elevation is the Tierra Caliente or hot land, where temperatures are above 24 °C (75.2 °F). About 82.5% of the country’s total area lies in the Tierra Caliente. For example in the capital, Bogotá, the weather is a bit cold due to its altitude and location, around 2,640 m. (8661ft) and average temperature of 14.5 °C (58 °F). At the Caribbean side the temperature is warm and comfortable around 33 °C (92 °F). Another important and touristic city is Medellin located in the Antioquia department, its elevation is around 1,495 m (4,905 ft) and its average temperature 27 °C (81 °F).
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