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GENERAL COLOMBIA INFORMATION

Geography

Colombia is a country located in the northwest side of South America. It borders to the northwest by Panama; to the east by Venezuela and Brazil; to the south by Ecuador and Peru. It also shares maritime limits with Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Jamaica, Dominican Republic and Haiti.
The territory of what is now Colombia was originally inhabited by indigenous cultures like the Muisca, Quimbaya and Tairona. The Spanish arrived in 1499 and initiated a period of colonization creating the Viceroyalty of New Granada, with its capital Bogotá. The Independence from Spain was fought and won in 1819, but by 1830 “The Grand Colombia Project” collapsed with the secession of Venezuela and Ecuador.

Biodiversity

Colombia is considered one of the world’s 17 megadiverse countries, and of these, the most biodiverse per square kilometer. This beautiful country has about 2,000 species of marine fish and is the second most diverse country in freshwater fish. Colombia is the country with more endemic species of butterflies. It is the number 1 in terms of orchid species and approximately 7,000 species of beetles. Colombia is second in the number of amphibian species and is the third most diverse country in reptiles and palms.

Holidays in Colombia

Año Nuevo, (New Years Day), January 1st.
Día de los Reyes Magos, (Epiphany), January 6th.
Monday of Carnival, (valid only for the city of Barranquilla.
Tuesday of Carnival, (valid only for the city of Barranquilla.
Día de San José, (Saint Joseph’s Day) March 19th.
Jueves Santo, (Maundy Thursday) and Viernes Santo (Good Friday) (the Thursday and Friday before Easter Sunday, variable dates in March or April.
Primero de Mayo, (Labor Day) May 1st.
Ascensión del señor, (Ascension of Jesus) 39 days after Easter Sunday.
Corpus Christi 60 days after Easter Sunday.
Sagrado Corazón, (Sacred Heart) 68 days after Easter Sunday
San Pedro y San Pablo, (Saint Peter and Saint Paul) June 29th.
Declaracion de la Independencia de Colombia (Declaration of Independece) July 20th.
Batalla de Boyaca, (Battle of Boyaca) August 7th.
La Asunción, (Assumption of Mary) August 15th.
Día de la Raza, (Columbus Day) October 12th.
Dia de los Santos, (All Saints Day) November 1st.
Independencia de Cartagena, Independence of Cartagena November 11th.
La Inmaculada Concepción, (Immaculate Conception) December 8th.
Navidad, (Christmas Day) December 25th.

Language in Colombia

The main language in Colombia is Spanish, but there are areas where they still speak some ancient languages, there are over 850,000 speakers of native languages. In the main tourists areas they also speak English.

Money

In Colombia the currency is the Colombian peso (COP) 1.00 USD is around = 3,030 COP

Passport and Visa for Colombia

You need a passport with a validation of 6 months upon return in Europe. You can stay without a visa 90 days per 12 months in Colombia.

Hotels in Colombia

Check in: In general from 15:00
Check out: In general before 12:00

Colombian Cuisine

Colombia’s varied cuisine is influenced by its diverse fauna and flora, as well as the cultural traditions of the ethnic groups. Colombian dishes and ingredients vary widely by region. Some of the most common ingredients are: cereals such as rice and maize; tubers such as potato and cassava; assorted legumes; meats, including beef, chicken, pork and goat; fish; and seafood. The Colombian cuisine also features a variety of tropical fruits such as cape gooseberry, feijoa, araza, dragon fruit, mangostino, granadilla, papaya, guayava, mora (blackberry), lulo, soursop and passionfruit.
Here on this link you can see 7 of the most famous typical dishes of Colombia:
http://off2colombia.com.co/destino-colombia/comida-y-bebidas-colombianas/platos-tipicos-de-colombia

Weather

Colombians describe their country in terms of the climatic zones. Below 1,000 meters (3,281 ft) in elevation is the Tierra Caliente or hot land, where temperatures are above 24 °C (75.2 °F). About 82.5% of the country’s total area lies in the Tierra Caliente. For example in the capital, Bogotá, the weather is a bit cold due to its altitude and location, around 2,640 m. (8661ft) and average temperature of 14.5 °C (58 °F). At the Caribbean side the temperature is warm and comfortable around 33 °C (92 °F). Another important and touristic city is Medellin located in the Antioquia department, its elevation is around 1,495 m (4,905 ft) and its average temperature 27 °C (81 °F).

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